Legal situations of unemployment are the causes for ending or suspended the employment relationship not dependent on the will of the individual workers.

Allow individuals to workers access to unemployment benefits, if they meet the requirements.

The following are the legal situations of unemployment.

  • Dismissal.
  • Completion of the death, retirement or disability of the enterprise or employer.
  • Completion of the contract by circumstances of production, training contract or the contract for replacement of individual workers.
  • Completion of the employment relationship for reasons inherent to all workers in the construction sector.
  • Cessation for not overcome the trial period.
  • Completion of the productive activity.
  • Suspensión o reducción de la jornada laboral por ERTE o por resolución judicial en procedimiento concursal
  • Completion of the administrative relationship temporary staffing and administrative staff.
  • Cessation as a partner or partner of a worker cooperative trial unfair, expulsion, or temporary cessation or final in the activity of the cooperative for economic, technological, organizational, production or by force majeure, finalization of the company link.
  • Termination or suspension of the state to be a victim of gender-based violence.
  • Decision of the individual worker at the end of the employment relationship for some of the following grounds:
    • Substantive changes in the working conditions (opening hours, day, work shifts, system of salaries and salary levels, functions, when exceeding the limits of the functional mobility).
    • Non-payment or continuing delay payment of wages, or serious breach of its obligations by the employer.
    • Relocation of the centre of work that requires change of residence.

In addition there are other circumstances defined as legal situations of unemployment that do not derive from the termination or suspension of a contract of employment, are as follows:

  • The return from abroad of a person spanish workers of migrants.
  • La liberación de un centro penitenciario o de internamiento por cumplimiento de condena o libertad condicional.
  • The declaration of fully capable or partial permanent disability, as a result of a file of an improved situation of disability in the total, absolute or major disability.