Contributory benefit protects the unemployment situation of those who can and want to work, lose their jobs temporarily or permanently or temporarily reduced to see their ordinary working day between a minimum of one 10 % and 70 %.

For access to the same requires, in addition to fulfil the requirements that below shows, prior contribution by unemployment of the worker to Social security.

The Public Service state employment is the independent body responsible for the management and control of unemployment benefits. The Social Institute navy performs the management of unemployment benefits for workers included in the special regime of Social security of workers from the sea.

Contributory benefit includes the Social security benefits, temporary incapacity, invalidity, death and survival, healthcare, maternity, paternity and care of children affected by cancer or other serious illness.


This may benefit from unemployment benefit, provided that they are in any legal situations of unemployment set, have the minimum contribution period required and are not in any of the situations of incompatibility, collectives as follows:

  • Persons employed women included in the General regime of Social security, listed by the contingency of unemployment.
  • Persons employed women included in special regimes of Social security that protect the contingency of unemployment (coal mining, Special Regime of seafarers), the fixed workers employed Agrarío Special system of Social security and casual persons employed the same system.
  • Partners and members of cooperatives of work and associate cooperatives Community exploitation of land, as well as partners and members of work of other cooperatives, which is included in a Social security system that protects this contingency.
  • Persons punishable that had been released from prison by sentence or probation.
  • Workers emigrants returned.
  • The foreign workers in Spain, nationals of countries that belong to the European Union or the European Economic Area or who do not belong to the European Union or the European Economic Area legally residing in our country and eligible legally required, have the right to unemployment benefits of contributory level if they are registered as a jobseeker.
  • The officials of employment and staff recruited collaboration temporarily in administrative law regime in the service of public administrations.
  • Plugin military and professional army and Navy.
  • Members of local corporations and General Meetings of the Chartered Historical Territories, Island Councils Canary island and Tips Baleares , to play these charges with full or partial and receive payment for the performance of office.
  • Representative office unions under the organic law 11 / 1985 , freedom of association, which exercise leadership union duties with full or partial, provided that receive a reward.
  • Senior public administrations that have exclusive contract, and are paid personnel or public servant be entitled to receive any kind of compensatory benefit as a result of termination.

Suspension, resumption, extinction.

Right of option.

Incompatibility/Compatibility of benefits


  • Be affiliated or affiliated and high or similar service in Social security in a system that includes the contingency by unemployment.
  • Found in legal situation of unemployment, be available to actively seek employment and to accept a proper placement. The application includes commitment of activity.
  • Be registered or registered and maintain the registration as a jobseeker throughout the period in which is perceived benefit.
  • Have worked and paid to unemployment at least 360 within days 6 years prior to the date of legal unemployment or the moment at which the obligation to contribute ended
    • In the case of the person emigrante returned that contributed to the unemployment in Spain before emigrating, you must have a minimum period covered quote 360 within days 6 years prior to the date of emigration, provided they have not been computed for the birth of a prior right. Furthermore, should not be receiving unemployment benefit in any other Status of the European Economic Area or Switzerland.
    • If there is any worker agrarian, immediately before, featured high on Social security within the collective of self-employed or self-employed, the minimum number of contributions needed to access to unemployment benefit will be 720 days.
  • Failed ordinary age for retirement.
  • Do not perform any activity or self-employed work full time, unless possible compatibility if it establishes a program to promote employment.
  • Not a pension of Social security incompatible with the work.

Obligations, offences and penalties

Duration and amount


Duration depends on unemployment contributions that has made in recent 6 years prior to the date of legal unemployment or the moment at which the obligation discontinuation contributing, or in his case, since the birth of the right to unemployment benefit earlier.

Only will take into account the quotations that have not been computed to approve a previous law, both of contributory level as welfare. However, shall not be considered as previous law that recognizes in virtúd suspension of the employment relationship envisaged in the case of victims of gender violence.

Will not be counted quotes for the time of fertilizer unemployment benefit make public service state, or in his case, the company, except when the delivery is perceived under the suspension of employment envisaged in the case of victims of gender violence. In this case the end date of the suspension will be decided by the worker, podendo ser initially until 6 months. After the initial suspension time, protection can be maintained, provided that the judge extended the suspension by periods of 3 months, with a maximum of 18 months and limit of duration of the right recognized, provided that the worker brings new documents showing this extension, without any nececesario return to accredit the protection order, or in its defect, the report of the public prosecutor.

The duration of unemployment benefit of emigrants returned or released from prison will depend on the periods of occupation corresponding to the quoted 6 years prior to the departure of Spain or imprisonment respectively, except when you have quotations efetuadas abroad or imprisonment that are accounted for the benefit.

In the course of the person emigrante returned that contributed to the unemployment in Spain before emigrating and not working in Spain upon return, the right to the protection by unemployment was born the following day of the return from abroad, where there has been the registration as demadante of employment and request within the 15 days to return.

For the calculation of the occupation period quoted, take into account periods of paid annual leave and not enjoyed before the termination of the employment relationship, as well as the corresponding to wages processing.

The start date of the allowance is the day following one in the legal situation of unemployment, if and when the application on time. You can get information about its provision in the consultation service delivery, www.sepe.es.

When the quotations accredited correspond to actual work in cases of reduced hours, every day worked be computed as day priced, anyone who has been the duration of the day. If contributions correspond to a partial work, it will calculate the duration of the contract or activity.


The amount of contributory benefit depends on the foundations of Social security contingencies for professionals during the 180 Last days, without taking into account overtime.

The regulatory base of the delivery is the average of the contribution base of the period indicated. The daily amount that is perceived is the 70 % of the regulatory base during the first 180 days of delivery and 50 % from the day 181 until the end of the same.

If in the past 180 days prior to the date of legal unemployment or the day on which the obligation to contribute ended, you only have quotations for days in the Agricultural Special System of Social security, the regulatory base daily unemployment benefit of contributory level will be the basis for quotation of the last day right that has done.

The amounts calculated so cannot exceed the ceiling, neither below the threshold, legally established. (Amounts for this year)Caps. These depend on whether or not you have sons or daughters.

Are considered sons or daughters in charge if under 26 years or older are disabled or persons under the age received, if live or financially dependent on you and have no monthly incomes above the minimum wage.

The gross amount of the provision shall two types of deductions:

  • The quotation to Social security (the 4 , 7 % of the regulatory base).
  • The withholding of IRPF, when appropriate.

Fertilizing business input will be the public employment service State (SEPE) in its entirety and the input for the worker will be integrated in charge of this. In the case of the fixed workers Agricultural Special System of Social security the SEPE cotizará for these the 73 , 50 % of the quota corresponding, by the individual worker the 26 , 50 %.

In the case of perception of unemployment benefits for reduced hours or suspension of contract, the company will assume the business input and the input for the worker will be integrated in charge of this.

In www.sepe.es it is available a program of delivery autocálculo which provides non-binding information on the duration and amount of the benefit or subsidy that could correspond.

The payment will be made by instalments of 30 days between the days 10 and 15 immediate next month at which the accrual. It will be, exceptions, through the payment in the account of the financial institution that has indicated, whenever you holds the same.

The right to perceive each instalment shall expire at the year of their respective expiration.


In order to access contributory unemployment benefit by having worked one year or more, you must register as a jobseeker and submit the following documentation:

  • Official application model, which includes the commitment of activity.
  • Identification of the applicant and the sons or daughters who live or are responsible and contained in the application, it is sufficient to teach any of the following documents:
    • Spanish citizens: National identity document (DNI) or passport.
    • Foreign and foreigners resident in Spain:
      • Nationals of the European Union: Certificate of registration of citizen of the European Union, containing the NIE, together with the passport or identity document in their country of origin.
      • No nacionales de la Unión Europea : Tarjeta de Identidad de Extranjero o Extranjera (TIE) y el pasaporte.
  • Any bank document containing the account number of which you, and where you want to receive the benefit.
  • Official family record book or certification of the Civiel registration of  births or family. In the case of foreign document equivalent to those mentioned above, with official translation into english.
  • Certificate or company certificates in which you have worked in the past 6 months (if they have not been sent by companies to public service state employment). Only in those situations in which the business certificate is not enough to demonstrate the date of legal unemployment, it is necessary to make another document that either.
  • More information about the documentation to contribute

When, where and how tramito

The application must submit it within 15 working days following the last day worked, to return from abroad or release. On the assumption that the company has paid holidays by not being enjoyed prior to cease, must submit the 15 days to the end of the period equivalent to the holiday.

The application must be submitted via:

  • The electronic site SEPE
  • In the office of benefits (asking appointment in the SEPE electronic site or via the phone).
  • In any public registry office.
  • By mail administrative.

The public employment service responsible will take into account the victim of gender violence to temper, if necessary, compliance with obligations arising from the pledge.

If you are applying of contributory benefit out of time, has the right to get from the date of the request, losing so many days of delivery as after between the date on which he had been approved such provision, having requested within the term, and the date on which the has presented.

In the case of legal situation of unemployment by termination of the employment relationship, the worker can claim against the decision to terminate the company.

In this case, if it had not registered and requested in the time period, would have a new deadline of 15 days to do so, from the date of the record of conciliation or Order of option for compensation, or in his case, since the court decision. Where the period that corresponds to the annual paid leave has not been enjoyed prior to the completion of the employment relationship, the application must be submitted within the 15 days of the end of that period, which must be entered in the certificate of company.

The SEPE or Social Institute navy should dictate resolution within the 15 days of the date of the application and notify within the 10 days from the date on which have been sent.

You can get more information on phones of attention to citizenship.