If you have worked at least one year, you can access an unemployment subsidy, but we must bear in mind that the duration depends on the number of months and whether or not it family responsibilities.


  • Being unemployed or unemployed and in legal situation of unemployment.
  • Be registered or registered as a jobseeker and maintain the registration during the entire period of perception and sign the commitment of activity.
  • Have contributed by unemployment at least 3 months, if you have family responsibilitiesor at least 6 months if it did not, and not reach 360 days. In the case of having the 360 quoted days, would be entitled to contributory benefit.
  • Do not perceive incomes any type above the 75 % of the minimum wage, without counting the proportional part of two extra pay (Amounts for this year). Will take into account the Full rent or gross. The performance that do business, professional, agriculture, livestock or artistic, is the result of the difference between income and expenditures that have been necessary to achieve these income. The property gains are the result of the difference between gains and losses property.

Must meet the requirements at the time of the event causing and, moreover, at the time of this subsidy, their extensions or resumptions and while perceived the grant.

Se considera fecha del hecho causante aquella en la que se produzca la situación legal de desempleo, o en la que se agote el derecho semestral o en la que termine la causa de suspensión.

If you do not meet the requirements of lack of annuities or, in their case, family responsibilities, you can obtain the grant if you justify meets these requirements within one year from the date of the event causing. In this case, you can obtain the grant from the following day to your request, without its duration decline.

If you are more 52 years, has the right to receive the unemployment subsidy for older workers 52 years.

Will have to bear in mind that:

If you interrupted the collection of a contributory benefit to work this last period of less than 360 days, must seek resumption the benefit.

If interrupted an unemployment subsidy to work less than 12 months, you will have to resume. However, if this is not the first time you suspended, has several periods worked and among all added 360 days or more, you must apply for a new contributory unemployment benefit.

Obligations, offences and penalties

Duration and amount


The duration depends on the number of months and whether or not you have family responsibilities.

  • If you have family responsibilities:
    • The grant will last 3 , 4 or 5 months, if you have completed 3 , 4 or 5 months respectively.
    • The grant will last 21 months, if you have completed 6 months or more (in this case, the right is recognized for six months, and may be extended for periods of 6 months until its final duration).
  • If you do not have family responsibilities: the grant will last 6 months, if you have completed 6 months or more.

In the case of discontinuous fixed workers, the allowance will be equal to the number of months by unemployment in the previous year to the application.

Contributions which served to adopt this allowance, may not be taken into account in a legal situation of unemployment later, for access to a new level delivery contributory or care.


The amount of monthly unemployment subsidy is equal to 80 % of income public indicator of multiple effects (IPREM) (Amounts for this year).

In the case of loss of part-time work, this amount will be visible in proportion to hours previously worked in the last contract.

During the perception of the grant, the public employment service State (SEPE) paid contributions to Social security benefits of healthcare and, in its case, protection to the family.

In the event of unemployment subsidy for older workers 52 years, the SEPE should contribute to retirement. It will take as the contribution base 125 % minimum contribution cap in force in each moment.

People dashed fixed workers older 52 years they cotizará also for retirement. It will take as the contribution base 125 % minimum contribution cap in force in each moment.

If you are under 52 years and have justified a period of occupation of quoted 180 or more days, the public employment service will State retirement contributions to Social security during a period of 60 days from the date of birth of the right to grant. It will take as Quotation base cap existing minimum contribution in each moment.

The payment of the grant instalments shall be by of 30 days between the days 10 and 15 immediate next month at which the accrual. Will be paid, exceptionsin the account that you indicate, whenever holder of the same.

Documentation required

Documentation that should bring is as follows:

  • Official application model.
  • Identification of the applicant, spouse and children who live or are responsible and displayed on the application, it is sufficient to show any of these documents:
    • Spanish and Spanish: National identity document (DNI) or passport.
    • Foreign and foreigners resident in Spain:
      • Nationals of the European Union: Certificate of registration of citizen/to the European Union, which consists NIE, together with the passport or identity document in their country of origin.
      • Non-nationals of the European Union: Identity card from foreign (TIE), which has the NIE and passport.
  • Any bank document containing the account number that is holder and where you want to receive the benefit.
  • Family Book or certification of the Civil Registry of birth or family. In the case of foreigners, a document equivalent to those mentioned above, with an official translation into Spanish.
  • Company certificate to prove the legal status of employment (if it has not been sent by the company to public service state employment). Only in those situations in which the business certificate is not enough to demonstrate the date of legal unemployment, it is necessary to make another document as appropriate.
  • Proof of income, if requested by the public employment service State.
  • More information about the documentation to contribute.

When, where and how tramito

Should submit the request within 15 working days, which starts counting from the following day to the date of legal unemployment.

The right to grant will be born the day after the date of legal unemployment. If the company would have paid vacations by not being enjoyed, will grant the day after the end of the period that corresponds to these holidays. If you are applying out of time, has the right to get from the day after the date of the application, bearing in mind that be subtracted from the allowance the days from the date on which have been entitled to the beginning of the delivery (if requested in term) and the date on which the application has been made.

The application may be submitted through:
electronic site the public employment service SEPE State.
• in the office of benefits (asking appointment in the electronic site the SEPE or by phone).
• in any public registry office.
• by mail administrative.

You can get more information in the helpline for citizenship.